A PLF survey bears out the pain of mass migration for millions of Indian labourers.
Of the 9,800 households surveyed in the urban areas, over 60 per cent reported fear of Covid as the reason for migration.
Economists say the nation must create tens of millions of jobs that bring migrant workers out of farming or risk a decade of arrested growth
Lockdowns and disruptions necessitated by the pandemic pushed millions of migrant workers and day wagers into a battle for survival, as they fled urban economic hubs in large numbers and returned to their home states.
Delhi's daily Covid tally has crossed over 20,000 cases in a day
The reverse migration sparked by the 2020 lockdown led to a drop in the demand for women farm workers who have few other job opportunities in villages
The media extensively reported on the conditions of migrant workers, who were stranded around the country without food or shelter, struggling to survive and return to their villages.
Over 45 per cent workers feared 'sudden lockdowns'. Around 55 per cent of the migrant workers who ventured out reported that they were now moving for a shorter duration as compared to before.
The study initiated by voluntary researchers at the Stranded Workers Action Network (SWAN) indicated that the vulnerabilities experienced by migrant workers during the nationwide lockdown in 2020 had resurfaced this year.
That the situations faced by India’s migrants are not a matter of concern in policy making is quite apparent